Memory as a Way of Knowing
- How do we know through memory?
- Carry knowledge gained forward (skills; past experiences)
- Identity grows with memory
- Implications: example – child soldiers
- KQ: Is memory a reliable way of knowing?
- One answer: Supreme Court, USA, 2011 decided that memory is not reliable (case: State v Henderson)
- KQ: What are the dangers to knowledge of overemphasizing the unreliability of memory?
- How do we use memory? How do we evaluate memory?
- Additional concepts: bias, suggestibility, personal testimony v collective memory
- Researchers finding ways to erase unhappy memories [news article: William Hageman, Chicago Tribune, 8 April 2014]
- Trigger happy: the “trigger warning” has spread from blogs to college classes. Can it be stopped?
- Q: Describe two Massachusetts examples from the reading.
- Make it stick: the science of successful learning [book description: Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, Mark A. McDaniel, Harvard University Press, April 2014]
- Kinds of memory
- Procedural memory: skills, unconscious
- Declarative memory: recall events from the past (semantic memory = info; episodic memory = experience)
- Why good memories are less likely to fade [Paula McGrath, BBC news, 3 May 2014]
- The mystery of memory [documentary, 29:10]
- Psychology 101: chapter 6
- Experiments on memory [website: Neuroscience for Kids]
- Q: How do the experiments suggest links of memory as a means of knowing to other ways of knowing?
- Imperfect memory
- “Earliest memories” [website: Exploratorium, San Francisco, CA]
- Q: Again, how is memory linked to other ways of knowing?
- The man who couldn’t remember [NOVA ScienceNOW, 1 June 2009]
- The Seven Sins of Memory [Daniel L. Schacter, chapter 1, 2001]
Remembering IB Theory of Knowledge 1—essential lessons & topics
- “Cup stack” [communication & collaboration]
- IB learner profile
- The map is not the territory [upside-down world map]
- Creating TOK blog
- Mouse who ate the cheese
- Does it matter if what you believe is true?
- Truth tests
- Knowledge by acquaintance v Knowledge by description
- Types of knowledge (empirical, rational, value judgment, metaphysical)
- Definition(s) of knowledge
- Ways of knowing [language, sense perception, imagination, memory]
- Areas of knowledge [the arts, human sciences, and some natural sciences, mathematics, history and literature]
- Does literature make you nicer?
- TOK key skills: knowledge claims, knowledge questions, unpacking the knowledge frameworks, justify, evaluate
- “The 16th Man”
- “The Thin Blue Line”
- “Turning powerful stats into art”
- Sturgis IB Theatre & climate change
- The TOK essay – introduction
- The TOK presentation - introduction
How has the course IB Theory of Knowledge 1 impacted you as a learner and in the real world?
Give yourself self-ratings [A, B, C] on each: attendance, attention, participation, prepared
Thank you all for a great year! I’ve learned from each of you J
Your summer TOK HW: find TOK links in daily life experiences, listen and converse to keep your critical thinking skills sharp